Information about provinces, cities, counties,towns in China
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China consists of 23 provinces, 5 autonomous ethinic regions, 4 municipalities directly under the central government , 2 special administrative regions and 1 independent province (Taiwan),at the first level,i.e. provicial level, 333 municipalities and prefectures at the second level, also referred to as prefectural level, and 2,856 counties, cities and districts at the third level,i.e. county-level, as well as over 40,906 towns, townships and sub-districts at the fourth level (township-level). All that can be traced on this website. .

China Overview

China, [in Chinese "中国"], the Chinese characters means "Central Country".
China,(People's Republic of China), is situated in eastern Asia, bounded by the Pacific in the east. The third largest country in the world, next to Canada and Russia, it has an area of 9.6 million square kilometers, or one-fifteenth of the world's land mass. It begins from the confluence of the Heilong and Wusuli rivers (135 degrees and 5 minutes east longitude) in the east to the Pamirs west of Wuqia County in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (73 degrees and 40 minutes east longitude) in the west, about 5,200 kilometers apart; and from the midstream of the Heilong River north of Mohe (53 degrees and 31 minutes north latitude) in the north to the southernmost island Zengmu'ansha in the South China Sea (4 degrees and 15 minutes north latitude), about 5,500 kilometers apart.

The border stretches over 22,000 kilometers on land and the coastline extends well over 18,000 kilometers, washed by the waters of the Bohai, the Huanghai, the East China and the South China seas. The Bohai Sea is the inland sea of China.

There are 6,536 islands larger than 500 square meters, the largest is Taiwan, with a total area of about 36,000 square kilometers, and the second, Hainan. The South China Sea Islands are the southernmost island group of China.

CAPITAL: Beijing Area: 16,800 square kilometers; Population: 12.59 million

  • DATE OF ESTABLISHMENT (PRC): October 1, 1949

  • POPULATION: Total Population 13.5 billion (2010) about 22% of total population in the world.

    Year Total Population Urban Population Rural Population
    1949 542 million    
    1955 615 million    
    1960 662 million    
    1965 725 million    
    1970 830 million    
    1975 924 million    
    1980 987 million    
    1985 1.058 billion    
    1990 1.143 billion    
    1992 1.171 billion    
    1995 1.2112 billion    
    1996 1.224 billion 359.5 million (29.4%) 864.39 million (70.6%)
    1997 1.236 billion 369.89 million (29.9%) 866.37 million (70.1%)
    1998 1.248 billion    
    1999 1.259 billion 388.92 million (30.9%) 870.17 million (69.1%)
    2000 1.2953 billion36% 64%
    2008 1.328 billion45.7% 54.3%
    2009 1.334 billion46.6% 53.4%


    Year Birth Rate (Per Thousand) Death Rate (per thousand) Natural Growth Rate (per thousand)
    1970 33.43  


    1995 17.12 6.57  
    1996 16.98 6.56 10.42
    1997 16.57 6.51 10.06
    1998 16.30 6.50 9.53
    1999 15.23 5.97  8.77
    2007 12.10 6.93 5.17
    2008 12.14 7.06 5.08
    2009 12.13 7.08 5.05

    The year of 1998 saw 19.91 million births, 8.07 million deaths of the population, with a net growth population of 11.84 million (compared with 12.37 million in 1997);  More than 10% of total population is over 60 years old (1999 data).

    China population is distributed unevenly with more in the east (more than 300 persons per square kilometer) and fewer in the west (about 40 persons per square kilometer. The national average density of population is 119 per square kilometer (1990 census). The average size of household was 3.7 persons. The proportion of population aged at 0-14 was 26.4 percent, those aged 15-64 was 67.2 percent, and that of the people aged 65 and over was 6.4 percent. The Average Chinese Life-Span of the population was 70.8 years, that for male was 68.71, and female, 73.04. (Some of the above data are based on the report from China National Statistics Bureau, FOR YOUR REFERENCE ONLY).

  • GDP (1999): 8205.4 billion yuan RMB (about $980.6 billion USD)


    The National Flag, National Emblem and National Anthem of China

    Vast Land, Great Opportunities and the Fastest Growth

    National Flag

    The national flag of China was adopted at the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference held in September 1949, shortly before the founding of the People's Republic of China.

    The flag of the People's Republic of China is red in color and it has five yellow stars. The color red symbolizes the spirit of the revolution, and the five stars signify the unity of the people of China under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party. The flag first went up in Tiananmen Square on October1, 1949, upon the formal announcement that People's Republic of China was founded.


    National Emblem

    The design of the national emblem of the People's Republic of China, published by the Central People's Government on September 20, 1950, shows Tiananmen under the light of five stars, and it is framed with ears of grain and cogwheel. Tiananmen is the symbol of modern China because the May 4th Movement of 1919, which marked the beginning of the new-democratic revolution in China, was launched there. It is also the place where the inauguration of the People's Republic of China was held. The cogwheel and the ears of grain represent the working class and the peasantry respectively, and the five stars symbolize the solidarity of the various nationalities of China. The emblem clearly indicates that People's Republic of China is a socialist state led by the working class and based on the alliance of the workers and the peasants.


    National Anthem

    The words for the national anthem were written by Tian Han, and the music was set by Nie Er in 1935. Originally known as the March of the Volunteers, it was the theme song of The Sons and Daughters in Times of Turmoil, a film that depicted how Chinese intellectuals marched bravely to the front in the War of Resistance Against Japan during the Second World War.

    Sonorous, militant and inspiring, the song describes the wrath of the Chinese people against imperialist aggression and their determination to protect their motherland against foreign, invaders. During the Second World War it was also sung by people of other countries who sympathized with the Chinese people in their anti-Japanese struggle. In 1949 it was appropriately chosen to be the national anthem of the People's Republic of China.

    The lyrics of the national anthem are as follows:

    Arise, ye who refuse to be slaves;
    With our very flesh and blood
    Let us build our new Great Wall!
    The Peoples of China are in the most critical time,
    Everybody must roar his defiance.
    Arise! Arise! Arise!
    Millions of hearts with one mind,
    Brave the enemy's gunfire,
    March on!
    Brave the enemy's gunfire,
    March on! March on! March on, on!


      ECONOMIC GROWTH (1995-2000)

    Year Economic Growth Rate
    1995 10.2%
    1996 9.7%
    1997 8.8%
    1998 7.8%
    1999 7.1%
    2000 8.0%
    2000 8.0%
    2005 10.4%
    2006 10.7%
    2007 11.4%
    2008 9.0%
    2009 8.7%
    2010 10.3%

    Land: Alataw, Baketu, Erenhot, Friendship Pass, Hunchun, Ji'an, Kunjirap, Manzhouli, Mohe, Nyalam (Zhangmu), Pingxiang, Ruili, Suifenhe, Tumen, Wanding, Xunke and Yadong.

    Water: Beihai, Dalian, Dangdong, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hankou, Huangpu, Jiujiang, Lianyungang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Sanya, Shanghai, Shantou, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Weihai, Yangzhou, Yantai, Zhangjiang and Zhenjiang.

    The National People's Congress (NPC)
    The President of the People's Republic of China
    The State Council
    The Central Military Commission
    The Supreme People's Court
    The Supreme People's Procuratorate

    • Life expectancy: 72 years (men), 76 years (women) (UN)

    • Monetary unit: 1 Renminbi (yuan) (Y) = 10 jiao = 100 fen;

    • Main exports: Manufactured goods, including textiles, garments, electronics, arms

    • GNI per capita: US $3,590 (World Bank, 2009)

    • Internet domain: .cn

    • International dialling code: +86

    • Leaders

        Head of state: President Hu Jintao
        Little was known about the low-profile Mr Hu when he was elected by the National People's Congress in March 2003.
        President Hu Jintao, said to be cautious and loyal to the party His position as the presidential heir-apparent had been cemented at the 16th Communist Party Congress in 2002, when he succeeded Jiang Zemin as head of the party. He was re-elected as president in March 2008.
        Mr Jiang's decision to stand down as head of the powerful Central Military Commission in 2004, three years earlier than planned, was said to have completed the first orderly transition of power since the communist revolution in 1949.
        Mr Hu has made the fight against corruption a priority; he has promised to promote good governance, saying the fate of socialism is at stake. But he has rejected Western-style political reforms, warning that they would lead China down a "blind alley".
        Responding to rising social tensions and China's wealth gap, he advocates a drive to build a "harmonious society" and has promised greater spending on health and education in rural areas.
        Mr Hu is scheduled to retire as head of the Communist Party in 2012 and as president in 2013. Vice-President Xi Jinping is seen as a likely candidate for the succession, especially after being appointed vice-chairman of the Central Military Commission, which is regarded as a key stepping stone to the top job.
        Hu Jintao was born in Anhui province in 1942, according to his official biography.
        A committed Communist Party member since 1964, his party career took off in the late 1970s. In the 1980s he served as party chief in Guizhou and Tibet, where he oversaw crackdowns on pro-independence protests. In 1992 Mr Hu became the youngest member of the Politburo Standing Committee, the party's main decision-making body.
        He is said to enjoy dancing and table tennis and has been described as a cautious, intelligent man. Party loyalty and obedience are believed to have contributed to his political rise.

      Vice-president: Xi Jinping
      Prime minister: Wen Jiabao
      Foreign minister: Yang Jiechi
      National People's Congress chairman: Wu Bangguo
    • ARMED FORCE: The People's Liberation Army (PLA)

    • THE RULING PARTY: The Communist Party of China (CPC)

    • THE PRESIDENT: Hu Jintao


    New Year's Day: January 1
    Chinese Lunar New Year's Day: Chunjie, also known as the Spring Festival, is Between January and February (The exact date varies, depends on the Lunar Calendar, Chinese New Year's Day in 2004 is on January 22nd. The year of 2004 is the Year of Monkey in Chinese calendar.
    For further information: click for Chinese Zodiac page.)
    Labor Day: May 1
    National Day: October 1

    The working days are from Monday to Friday. Most people do not work on weekend. Official hours are from 8:00am to 17:00pm with one hour for lunch.

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