Information about provinces, cities, counties,towns in China
Set Homepage
Add Favorite
Sign in || Sign Up

where are you now? Your Guide to > Hangzhou Municipality>Zhejiang Province;

Hangzhou Municipality, A prefecture-level city under Zhejiang Province, In Chinese [杭州市]

Hangzhou History

2011/7/12 11:35:00    【Big Medium Small】 【Print】    Visitors:1442


Although Hangzhou and Suzhou have been associated in the epithet ‘Above is Heaven, below are Suzhou and Hangzhou’, at certain periods in their history they were at war with each other. The history of Hangzhou does not stretch quite as far back as Suzhou’s – indeed in the Han dynasty it was probably still under water. Emperor Qin Shihuang, who first unified China, is said to have moored his boat on what is now the northern shore of West Lake. By the fourth century a silt barrier had formed across the bay separating the lake from the Qiantang River and forming the area where Hangzhou would be built.

The Imperial Canal was completed as far as Hangzhou at the end of the sixth century, in the Sui dynasty, and Hangzhou began to come into its own. The first city wall was built by Yang Suo, who also carried out some dyke work at the end of the sixth century. The original settlements were probably around Wu shan and Fenghuang shan, south of the modern city, and during the Tang dynasty it was a thriving centre. In the tenth century Hangzhou was the capital of the state of Wu Yue, and more land reclamation work was carried out. During the first part of the Song dynasty the famous poet Su Dongpo was governor.

The second half of the Song dynasty gave rise to the second golden age of the city. With the southward encroachment of the Tartars the capital was moved from Kaifeng to Hangzhou, which be-came an international trading centre for silk. Most of the imperial buildings, which have long since been destroyed, were in the southern half of the city. The city was ravaged by the Mongols, but by the time that such travellers as Marco Polo and the German Friar Odoric visited it in the fourteenth century it was once more flourishing.

In the Ming and Qing dynasties the city walls were rebuilt and the Tartar city was established. The ubiquitous emperors of the Qing dynasty, Kang xi and Qian long, did much for the reputation of the place by making it one of their favourite summer retreats and building palaces here. In the Taiping Rebellion the city was largely destroyed, although in the 1920s Carl Crow was able to report that consider-able progress had been made since the founding of the Republic, that the Tartar city was one of the finest in China, that it had good road communications and broad streets and was one of the favourite resorts of the wealthy; it also had the most famous fan shop and Chinese medicine store in China.

PREVSuzhou Overview NextSuzhou History

China City Maps City Guide to Harbin City Guide to Changchun City Guide to Beijing City Guide to Hohhot City Guide to Datong City Guide to Dalian City Guide to Qingdao City Guide to Lanzhou City Guide to Nanjing City Guide to Jinan City City Guide to Nanning City Guide to Guilin City Guide to Fuzhou City Guide to Guangzhou City Guide to Kunming City Guide to Haikou City City Guide to Hefei City City Guide to Chongqing City Guide to Chengdu City Guide to Lhasa City Guide to Guiyang City Guide to Changsha City Guide to Nanchang City Guide to Hong Kong City Guide to Macao City Guide to Hangzhou City Guide to Wuhan City City Guide to Zhuhai City Guide to Sanya City Guide to Shenzhen City Guide to Xiamen City City Guide to Taipei City City Guide to Shanghai City City Guide to Xian City Guide to Xining City Guide to Yinchuan City Guide to Zhenzhou City Guide to Qufu City Guide to Taiyuan City Guide to Shijiazhuang City Guide to Tianjin City City Guide to Qinhuangdao City Guide to Shenyang City Guide to Yangzhou City Guide to Wuxi City City Guide to Suzhou City Guide to Urumqi


Government Directory
Banks Directory
Sports Facilities Directory
Hospitals Directory
Recreation Directory


Railway Guide
Airport Guide
Tour Guide
Hotel Guide
Restaurant Guide
Shopping Guide

Searching and Locating

IP Locator
Citizen ID Number Locator
Mob/Fix Phone No. Locator
Zip Number Locator
Area Searching
Street Searching

Hot Cities

Shanghai City
Beijing City
Guangzhou City
Shenzhen City
Hangzhou City
Yiwu City

Home| Privacy Policy| Agreement| Contact| About Us | Sitemap
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Last updated on Jul. 24,2013 . 备案号:浙ICP备05023696号-12