Information about provinces, cities, counties,towns in China
Set Homepage
Add Favorite
Sign in || Sign Up

where are you now? Your Guide to > Xi′an Municipality>Shaanxi Province;

Xi′an Municipality, A prefecture-level city under Shaanxi Province, In Chinese [西安市]

Xian History

2011/7/12 14:31:00    【Big Medium Small】 【Print】    Visitors:1252


Remains of a Neolithic village in nearby Banpo indicate that the area was inhabited at least 8,000 years ago. Xi’an was effectively the capital of China as far back as the Western Zhou Dynasty (c. 1066-221 BC).When Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi unified China in ZZ1 BC, he established his capital at Xiangyang (to the east of present-day Xi’an) and began construction of a magnificent palace (never finished) where the city of Xi’an now stands. Then known as Chang’an, the city flourished politically, culturally, and commercially. In 129 BC, it was linked to other regions of China by means of a canal that fed into the Wei River.

During the Sui (581-618) and Tang (618-907) dynasties, the city was considerably enlarged. The population then numbered about a million. Xi’an’s strategic location along Asian trade routes brought frequent contacts with foreigners (evidence of these contacts is provided by tomb figurines of bearded horsemen, anomalous in China up to that time).

Following the demise of the Tang Dynasty at the start of the 10thcentury, Xi’an entered a decline and, despite periods of revival, never regained its prior eminence. By the 19th century, Xi’an was only one-sixth the size of the Tang Dynasty capital that existed eight centuries earlier.

Before the advent of modern communication links, Xi’an remained rather isolated. This condition began to change after 1930 with the completion of a rail spur that linked Xi’an to Zhengzhou as well as to cities to the west and north.

The “Xi’an Incident.” In 1936, Chiang Kaishek visited the nearby hot springs to rest from his military campaign against the Communists and provincial warlords. In an event later known as the “Xi’an Incident,” Chiang was captured and held prisoner by one of his own generals-a local warlord named Zhang Xueliang. Zhang sought to compel him to sue for peace with the Communists and join them in a united front against the Japanese. Zhou Enlai was dispatched to Xi’an to negotiate on behalf of the Communists and, despite Chiang’s attempt to escape, a temporary agreement was effected.

PREVXian Overview NextWuhan Overview

China City Maps City Guide to Harbin City Guide to Changchun City Guide to Beijing City Guide to Hohhot City Guide to Datong City Guide to Dalian City Guide to Qingdao City Guide to Lanzhou City Guide to Nanjing City Guide to Jinan City City Guide to Nanning City Guide to Guilin City Guide to Fuzhou City Guide to Guangzhou City Guide to Kunming City Guide to Haikou City City Guide to Hefei City City Guide to Chongqing City Guide to Chengdu City Guide to Lhasa City Guide to Guiyang City Guide to Changsha City Guide to Nanchang City Guide to Hong Kong City Guide to Macao City Guide to Hangzhou City Guide to Wuhan City City Guide to Zhuhai City Guide to Sanya City Guide to Shenzhen City Guide to Xiamen City City Guide to Taipei City City Guide to Shanghai City City Guide to Xian City Guide to Xining City Guide to Yinchuan City Guide to Zhenzhou City Guide to Qufu City Guide to Taiyuan City Guide to Shijiazhuang City Guide to Tianjin City City Guide to Qinhuangdao City Guide to Shenyang City Guide to Yangzhou City Guide to Wuxi City City Guide to Suzhou City Guide to Urumqi


Government Directory
Banks Directory
Sports Facilities Directory
Hospitals Directory
Recreation Directory


Railway Guide
Airport Guide
Tour Guide
Hotel Guide
Restaurant Guide
Shopping Guide

Searching and Locating

IP Locator
Citizen ID Number Locator
Mob/Fix Phone No. Locator
Zip Number Locator
Area Searching
Street Searching

Hot Cities

Shanghai City
Beijing City
Guangzhou City
Shenzhen City
Hangzhou City
Yiwu City

Home| Privacy Policy| Agreement| Contact| About Us | Sitemap
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Last updated on Jul. 24,2013 . 备案号:浙ICP备05023696号-12